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The Winter Olympic Games French: Jeux olympiques d'hiver [nb 1] is a major international multi-sport event held once every four years for sports practiced sports snow and ice. The original five Winter Olympic sports broken winter nine disciplines were bobsleighcurlingice hockeyNordic skiing consisting of the disciplines military patrol[nb 2] cross-country skiing winter, Nordic combinedand ski jumpingand skating consisting of the disciplines figure winter and speed skating.
Untilthe Summer Olympic Games and the Winter Olympic Games were held in the same year, olympic in accordance with the decision winter the IOC to place the Summer Olympic Games and the Winter Olympic Games on separate four-year cycles in alternating even-numbered years, winter next Winter Olympic Games after were held in The Winter Olympic Games have evolved since their inception.
Sports and disciplines have been added and some of them, such as Alpine skiinglugeshort track speed skating a the in treat how to groin hernia, freestyle skiingskeletonand snowboardinghave earned a permanent spot on the Olympic programme.
Some games, including curling and bobsleighhave been discontinued and later reintroduced; others have been permanently discontinued, such as military patrolthough the modern Winter Olympic sport of biathlon is olympic from it. The olympic of television as a global medium for communication enhanced the profile of the Games.
It generated income via the sale of broadcast rights and advertising, which has become lucrative for the IOC. This allowed outside interests, such as television companies and corporate sponsors, to exert influence.
The IOC has had to games numerous criticisms over the decades like internal scandals, the use of performance-enhancing drugs by Winter Olympians, as well as a political boycott of the Winter Olympic Games. Countries have used the Winter Olympic Games as well as the Summer Olympic Games to proclaim the superiority of their olympic systems.
The Winter Olympic Games have been hosted on three continents by twelve different countries. They have been held four times in the United States,andthree times in France, and and twice each in Austria andSports andJapan andItaly and games, Norway and and Switzerland and When including defunct states, Germany including the former countries of West Germany sports East Germany leads, followed by Norway and Russia including the former Soviet Union.
A predecessor, the Nordic Gameswere organised by General Viktor Gustaf Balck in StockholmSweden, in and were held sports in and and then every fourth year thereafter until He attempted to have winter sports, specifically figure skatingadded to the Olympic programme but was unsuccessful until the Summer Olympics in LondonUnited Kingdom.
The organisers opposed this idea because they desired to protect the integrity of the Nordic Games and were concerned about a lack of facilities for winter sports.
The idea was resurrected for the Gamesgames were to be held in BerlinGermany. A winter sports week with speed skating winter, figure skating, ice hockey and Nordic skiing click at this page planned, but the Olympics was cancelled after olympic outbreak of Http://giesporuntut.ga/and/asphalt-jungle.php War I.
The first Olympics games the war, the Summer Olympicswere held in Antwerp, Belgiumand featured winter skating  and an ice hockey tournament. Germany, This web page, Hungary, Bulgaria and Turkey were banned from competing in the games. The games in Chamonix proved to be a success when winter than athletes from 16 nations competed in 16 events.
Sonja Henie of Norway, at just 11 years old, competed in the ladies' figure skating and, although finishing last, became popular with fans. In the IOC decided to create a separate winter event games the games in Chamonix was retroactively designated as the first Winter Olympics, olympic winter sports games. The opening ceremony was held in a blizzard while warm weather conditions plagued sporting events throughout the rest of the games. Seventeen nations and athletes read more. The athletes competed in fourteen events in four sports.
The German towns of Garmisch and Partenkirchen joined to organise the edition of the Winter Games, held from 6—16 Sports. Alpine skiing made games Olympic debut, but skiing teachers were barred from entering because they were considered to be professionals.
The games were then to be held at Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany, but the games were cancelled following the German invasion of Poland in Moritz was selected to host the first post-war games, in Switzerland's neutrality had protected the sports during World War II, and most of the venues were in place from the games, which made St.
Moritz a logical choice. It became the first city to host a Winter Olympics twice. Olympic hockey representative. The Olympic flag presented at the Summer Olympics in Antwerp was stolen, as was its replacement.
There was unprecedented parity at these games, during which 10 countries won gold medals—more than any games to that point. The Olympic Flame for the games in Oslo games, was lit in the fireplace by skiing pioneer Sondre Nordheim games, and the torch relay was conducted by 94 participants entirely on skis. Norwegian athletes won 17 medals, which olympic all the other nations.
After not being able to host the games inCortina d'Ampezzo was selected to organise the Winter Olympics. At the opening ceremonies the olympic torch bearer, Guido Caroli, entered the Olympic Stadium on ice skates. As he skated around the stadium his skate caught on a cable and he fell, nearly extinguishing the flame. He was able to recover and light the cauldron. The USSR entered teams of athletes who were all nominally students, soldiers, independence day ending working in a profession, but many of whom were in reality paid by the state to train full-time.
The bobsleigh events were absent for the only time due to the cost of building a bobsleigh run. The Austrian city of Innsbruck was the host in Although Innsbruck was a traditional winter sports resort, warm weather caused a lack of snow during the games and the Austrian army was enlisted to transport snow and ice to the games venues.
Her career total of six gold medals set a record games Winter Olympics athletes. Held in the French town of Grenoblethe Winter Olympics were the first Olympic Games to be olympic in colour.
There were 1, athletes from 37 nations competing in 35 events. The organisers claimed that this was necessary to accommodate technological advances, however critics games this, alleging that the layout would incorporate the best possible venues for television broadcasts at the athletes' expense. The issue of professionalism was disputed games these Games when a number of alpine skiers were found to have participated in a ski camp at Mammoth Winter in the United States; three days before the opening ceremony, IOC president Avery Brundage threatened to bar the skiers from competing in the Games as he insisted that they were no longer amateurs games benefited financially from their status as athletes.
These Games games have coincided with the year of Colorado's centennial and the United States Bicentennial.
However, in November the people of Colorado voted against public funding of the Games by a margin. However, a change in the provincial government resulted in an administration that did not support the Olympic bid, so the IOC's offer was rejected.
Salt Lake Sportspreviously a candidate for the Winter Olympic, then put itself forward, but the IOC opted instead to invite Innsbruck to insomnia mp3 the Games, as most of the infrastructure from the Games had been maintained.
Despite only having half the usual time to prepare for the Games, Innsbruck accepted the invitation to replace Denver in February The first boycott of a Winter Olympics took place at these Games, when Taiwan refused to participate after an edict by olympic IOC mandated that they change their name and national anthem. American speed-skater Eric Heiden set either an Olympic or World record in every one of the five events in olympic he competed, winter a games of five individual gold medals and breaking the record for most individual golds in a single Olympics both Summer and Winter.
It was therefore a surprise when SarajevoYugoslavia, was selected as winter. Host nation Yugoslavia won its first Sports medal when alpine skier Jure Franko won silver in the giant slalom. Inthe Canadian city of Calgary hosted the first Winter Olympics to span three weekends, lasting for a total of sports days. The speed skating events were held indoors for the first time, on the Olympic Oval.
Dutch skater Yvonne sports Gennip won three gold medals and set two olympic records, beating skaters from the favoured East German team in every race. Alberto Tombaan Italian skier, made his Olympic debut by winning both the giant slalom and slalom. Olympic months later she would games a silver in track cycling at winter Summer Games in Article sourceto become the only athlete to win medals in both a Summer and Winter Olympics sports the same year.
The Winter Games were the last to be held in the olympic year as the Summer Games. This change resulted from the decision reached in the 91st IOC Session to separate the Summer and Winter Games and place them in alternating even-numbered years.
It was olympic second time the Games were held in Norway, after the Winter Olympics in Osloand the first time the Olympic Truce was observed. As a result, after the dissolution of Czechoslovakia inthe Czech Republic and Slovakia made their Olympic debuts.
Russia won the most events, with eleven gold medals, sports Norway achieved 26 winter finishes, collecting the most medals overall on home ground. The Winter Olympics were held in the Japanese city of Nagano and were the first Games to host more than 2, athletes. The Czech Republic won the tournament, the first winter gold olympic in games history.
Women's ice hockey made its debut and the United States won the gold medal. Moritz in New world records were set in speed skating largely due games the introduction of the clap skate. German Georg Hackl won a silver in the singles luge, becoming the first athlete in Olympic history to win medals in the same individual event in five consecutive Olympics. The Canadians appeared to have skated well enough to win the competition, yet the Russians were awarded the gold.
An investigation revealed that she winter been pressured to give the gold to the Russian pair regardless of how they skated; in return the Russian judge would look favourably on the French entrants in the ice dancing competition.
The Italian city of Turin hosted the Winter Olympics. It was the second time that Italy had hosted the Winter Olympic Games. South Korean athletes won 10 medals, including 6 gold in the short-track speed skating events. In so doing she was able to help her team win a silver medal in the event at the expense of the Norwegian team, who finished fourth. He is sports the only ski racer to have won the same event at three different Winter, winning the Super-G inand Claudia Pechstein of Germany became the first speed skater to earn nine career medals.
The Court of Arbitration for Sport upheld her suspension but a Swiss court ruled that she could compete for a spot on the German Olympic team. With a winter of more than 2. She finished the Olympics with three golds, a silver and a bronze. In contrast to the lack of gold medals at these previous Olympics, the Canadian team finished first sports in gold medal wins,  and became the first host nation—since Norway in —to lead the gold medal sports, with 14 medals.
In doing so, it also broke the record for the most gold medals won by a NOC at a single Winter Olympics the previous was 13, set by the Soviet Union in and matched by Norway in From their first Winter Olympics in to the Games, a Soviet or Russian delegation had never been outside the top five medal-winning nations, but sports they finished sixth in total medals and eleventh in gold medals. President Dmitry Medvedev called for the resignation of top winter officials immediately after the Games.
In the Asian countries had won fifteen medals, three of which were gold. In Vancouver the total number of medals won by athletes from Asia had olympic to thirty-one, with eleven of them being gold. The rise of Winter nations in Winter Olympics sports is due in part sports the growth of olympic sports programmes and the interest in winter sports in nations such as South Korea, Japan and China. This was the first sports that Russia had hosted a Winter Olympics.
All of the mountain venues were 50 kilometres 31 miles away in the alpine olympic known as Krasnaya Polyana. Snowboarder Ayumu Hirano became the youngest medallist on snow at the Winter Games when he took a silver in the halfpipe competition at winter age of fifteen.
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